Ins and outs of Multiple Sclerosis

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What are the common symptoms shared by people with Multiple sclerosis? The most common symptoms are fatigue, pain, and cognitive dysfunctions etc. One of my friends with multiple sclerosis once asked me, "What does the word 'fatigue' mean to you?" I said, "We are lazy, we don't want to work anymore when we are fatigue." It's so simple. Honestly, I didn't realize the ugly reality at that time. Will I ever realize? Do I have to wait to feel the horrible symptoms until I have multiple sclerosis?

It's hard to imagine and feel the sufferings when you don't walk through the path of that kind of pain. For people with multiple sclerosis every little symptom is a different and difficult issue. They are not just tired, it's way more than that! They experience every little pain and weakness as they are mentally wide awake. I know it's a good thing to be mentally alert and sound. But it is a disaster when you are physically just dead! There is just not enough words in our dictionary to explain what they go through. But believe me, it's not the same.

It's really hard to maintain a positive outlook to your life when you have something like multiple sclerosis. But it's also true that you are a real inspiration to others? Trust me. You are. Every minute, every day.

What is multiple sclerosis

Multiple sclerosis damages the electrical signals in our central nervous system. We know that all the sensations and motor functions of our body are integrated and processed in our brain (part of central nervous system). If it is damaged people tend to experience weird symptoms. The brains interpret signals from the world differently or never even interpret them at all. Thus the blue ocean may not be the same to them or sky may even be green to them. Who knows. They can't experience what is worth living.

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a potentially debilitating disease in which your body's immune system eats away at the protective sheath (myelin) that covers your nerves. Damage to myelin causes interference in the communication between your brain, spinal cord and other areas of your body. This condition may result in deterioration of the nerves themselves, a process that's not reversible.

Photomicrograph of a demyelinating MS-Lesion.

What does myelin do?

You can compare it to the insulation on electrical wires. When myelin is damaged, as in multiple sclerosis, the messages that travel along that nerve may be slowed or blocked. Our sensation, motor activity, emotion-all are controlled by tightly organized nervous system. If there is any disturbance in the circuit, all these activities may be hampered.

What causes multiple sclerosis?

Till now, there is no single attributing factor for MS. Usually a combination of factors, ranging from genetics, environment, childhood infections etc may play a role.

The worst case scenario:

People with severe cases of multiple sclerosis may lose the ability to walk or speak clearly. Multiple sclerosis can be difficult to diagnose early in the course of the disease because symptoms often come and go. Sometimes it may disappear for months.

Multiple sclerosis has no cure. However, treatments may help treat MS attacks, manage symptoms and reduce progress of the disease.

About the Author

Dr Rezahaider's picture
Author: Dr Rezahaider

I am a physician by profession. I dream to work on medicine in the near future. I have completed my residency three years back. Now, I am planning to obtain MRCP. This is very hard exam and surely, I am always scared of it. I have also decided to do my specialization on cardiology. Before medical school, I never thought that our heart could be so complex! So pray for me. I usually don't have enough time to write due to my studies. But whenever I get time I love to write. I write on medical related issues. I try to make it simple for you.

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