Lung cancer? What can you do

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Lung cancer is the most common cancer world wide. It is responsible for about 18-20% of all cancer deaths. Unfortunately, there is a rising rate of lung cancer in women (which is directly attributed to increased tendency of tobacco use recently) . About 900000 men and 330000 women are diagnosed with lung cancer each year! In contrast to many other cancer, the prognosis of lung cancer is still poor. The survival rate is only 20% at one year and 5% at five years.

No doubt lung cancer is a disaster. Furthermore, there's no sure way to prevent lung cancer, but certainly there are some changes that you can make to reduce your risk.

Here are some tips:

Don't smoke

Lung cancer is thought to be directly responsible for at least 90% of lung cancers! The risk is directly proportional to amount smoked and the tar content. So, if you've never smoked, don't start. You should also need to talk to your children about not smoking.

Stop smoking

Try to stop smoking as early as you can. Quitting smoking definitely reduces your risk of lung cancer, even if you've smoked for years. Statistics have shown that risk of cancer falls slowly after smoking cessation but remains above the risk in non-smokers for some years. There are different strategies to stop smoking. Consult your doctor about these strategies and stop-smoking aids like nicotine replacement products, medications and support groups

Avoid passive smoking

The effect of passive smoking is difficult to quantify but it is believed to responsible for 5% of all lung cancer deaths. If you live or work with a smoker, urge him or her to quit. If it doesn't work, at least, ask him or her to smoke outside. Also try to avoid areas where people smoke.

Test your home for radon

Exposure to naturally occurring radon is another known risk factor for lung cancer. Check the radon level in your home, especially if you are in an area where radon is known to be a problem.

Avoid all sorts of carcinogens

Take adequate precautions to protect yourself from exposure to toxic chemicals. Try to follow the employer's precautions strictly. Use a face mask for protection when it is required. Different people may face different occupational hazards. Consult your doctor what more you can do to protect yourself at work. Remember, your risk of lung damage from workplace carcinogens increases if you smoke. For instance, smoking is associated with ten fold increased risk of lung cancer. Again, people exposed to asbestos have five times increased risk of lung cancer. If a person smokes and works in an area where there is increased risk of asbestos exposure (like ship breaking yard) , his/her chance of developing lung cancer rises to fifty fold.

Plan a diet c

Fruits and vegetables are proved to prevent different types of cancer. Choose a healthy diet with a variety of fruits and vegetables.

Reduce alcohol intake

Limit yourself to one drink a day if you're a woman or two drinks a day if you're a man.

Never hesitate to chose a healthy lifestyle.

What can you ask for when you have a healthy and gifted life?

About the Author

Dr Rezahaider's picture
Author: Dr Rezahaider

I am a physician by profession. I dream to work on medicine in the near future. I have completed my residency three years back. Now, I am planning to obtain MRCP. This is very hard exam and surely, I am always scared of it. I have also decided to do my specialization on cardiology. Before medical school, I never thought that our heart could be so complex! So pray for me. I usually don't have enough time to write due to my studies. But whenever I get time I love to write. I write on medical related issues. I try to make it simple for you.

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