Oral hygiene at different ages

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How do you help your children care for their teeth:

Teaching your children proper oral hygiene at a very early age is an important part of growing up. You should start by setting an example for your child. If you take a good care of your own teeth, it sends a message that oral health is something to be valued. Don't dig too far on this aspect, just make it fun. Brush along with them and let them choose their own brush when you are shopping.

You can definitely help them to follow these simple and useful steps:

Try to brush twice a day regularly with a toothpaste that contains fluoride. This will help to remove plaques (sticky film on teeth that causes decay) adequately.

Floss everyday to remove plaque from between your teeth and under the gum-line.

Try to avoid starchy or sugary foods as much as possible. These foods produce plaque acids which is an important cause of tooth decay.

Use dental products containing fluoride. Your children's drinking water should also be fluoridated.

Consult your dentist for regular checkups.

About brushing techniques:

Help your children until they get the hang of these simple steps:

Use a pea-sized dab of toothpaste.

Always use a soft-bristled toothbrush. Initially brush the inside surface of each tooth. This is where plaques usually accumulate most.

Then brush the outer surfaces of each tooth. Try to angle the brush along the outer gum-line and brush back and forth.

Then with the tip of the brush clean behind each front tooth.


Dental care for adult:

A healthy smile is something you should cherish throughout your adulthood. Unfortunately, adults are prone to develop cavities and gum disease. Try to follow these simple and effective steps to prevent this:

You should brush at leas twice a day with a toothpaste containing fluoride.

Whenever plaques are accumulated for a long time, it hardens to form tartar. These are very difficult to remove properly. That's why it is very important to floss between your teeth and under the gum-line.

Try to cut short sticky snacks. They severely destroy your tooth enamel.

Visit your dentist at least twice a year for professional cleanings and checkups.

Important to note for adult

Even if you brush and floss regularly, you may face certain oral health issues as an adult. Luckily, your dentist can help you meet most of these challenges quite successfully.

Inflammation of gum known as gingivitis in an early stage is reversible. In this condition you may find red, swollen or tender gums that bleed when you brush them. If you see any of these symptoms, consult your dentist before serious problems develop.

There is a possible link between periodontitis (a gum disease) and diabetes and heart disease. Try to check your blood glucose level and blood pressure.

Sensitivity can be an increasing problem in old age. If you experience any sensitivity, try an anti-sensitivity toothpaste.

Effect of diet on oral health

Adequate nutrition is necessary for healthy teeth and gums. Plan a well-balanced diet that is rich in vitamin C and calcium. Foods that contain fibers like fruits and vegetables tend to help clean the teeth and tissues. On the other hand, soft, sweet, sticky foods tend to remain on the grooves and between teeth, producing more plaque. That's why, when you do snack, choose nutritious foods such as cheese, raw vegetables, plain yogurt or fruit.

About the Author

Dr Rezahaider's picture
Author: Dr Rezahaider

I am a physician by profession. I dream to work on medicine in the near future. I have completed my residency three years back. Now, I am planning to obtain MRCP. This is very hard exam and surely, I am always scared of it. I have also decided to do my specialization on cardiology. Before medical school, I never thought that our heart could be so complex! So pray for me. I usually don't have enough time to write due to my studies. But whenever I get time I love to write. I write on medical related issues. I try to make it simple for you.