Marc Macera, PharmD, RPh's blog

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What is Propranolol?

Propranolol (Inderal) is a beta-blocker used to manage a variety of conditions, including hypertension (HTN).

Why is it important to manage HTN?

Uncontrolled HTN can lead to heart attacks, aneurisms, strokes, heart failure, kidney disease, vision loss, memory impairment and erectile dysfunction.

How can propranolol lower blood pressure?

Propranolol lowers blood pressure by affecting splanchnic vasoconstriction.

What is Lexapro?

Esitalopram (Lexapro) is a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) used to treat depression.

How does Lexapro treat depression?

Lexapro affects mood by selectively inhibiting serotonin reuptake.

How is Lexapro administered?

Lexapro is typical administered by mouth once daily (Lexapro should be taken at the same time every day).

What is a typical Lexapro dose?

What is Paxil?

Paroxetine (Paxil) is a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) used to treat depression.

Why is it important to treat depression?

It is important to treat depression because untreated depression can lead to: anxiety, substance abuse, work/school problems, relationship difficulties and even death.

How does Paxil treat depression?

Paxil affects mood by selectively inhibiting serotonin reuptake.

How is Paxil administered?

What Is Atorvastatin?

What is atorvastatin?

Atorvastatin (Lipitor) is a HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor used to lower high cholesterol levels.

What is an example of a high cholesterol level?

An example of a high cholesterol level would be a total cholesterol level equal to or greater than 240 mg/dL.

Why is it important to lower high cholesterol levels?

Untreated high cholesterol can lead to heart disease, heart attacks and strokes.

Lisinopril : A Case Study

A 48 year-old male hypertension (HTN) patient presents with a dry, hacking cough. The patient reports he does not feel sick, nor does he have any other symptoms. The patient then goes on to explain his cough developed about six weeks ago after he started a lisinopril (Zestril) 10 mg per day medication regimen.

Zoloft: A Case Study

A 32 year-old female patient visits her health care provider with the specific request of discontinuing her sertraline (Zoloft) medication regimen. The patient reports she has been on Zoloft 50mg daily for the treatment of depression for the past nine days. The patient then goes on to explain she would like to stop her Zoloft as soon as possible because she does not feel any relief from her depression symptoms.

What is Celexa?

Citalopram (Celexa) is a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) used to treat depression.

Why is it important to treat depression?

It is important to treat depression because untreated depression can lead to: anxiety, substance abuse, work/school problems, relationship difficulties and even death.

How does Celexa treat depression?

Celexa affects mood by selectively inhibiting serotonin reuptake.

How is Celexa administered?

Warfarin: A Case Study

A 52 year old male warfarin (Coumadin) patient presents with an international normalized ratio (INR) of 3. The patient reports he is currently taking warfarin 5 mg once a day, lisinopril (Zestril) 5mg once a day and ibuprofen (Motrin) 400mg up to three times per day for chronic back pain. The patient also reports his diet is inconsistent, he consumes alcohol 3 - 4 days per week and he does not take his lisinopril on a consistent daily bases. What are the top five recommendations that should be made?

What is Buspirone?

Buspirone (Buspar) is an antianxiety agent used to treat generalized anxiety disorder (GAD).

How does buspirone work?

The exact mechanism of action for buspirone is unknown. However, researchers believe it helps relieve anxiety by affecting serotonin receptors.

How is buspirone administered?

Buspirone is typically administered by mouth twice daily. Buspirone should be taken at the same time every day.

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