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LIFESTYLE DISEASES AND LIFESTYLE DRUGS

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LIFESTYLE DISEASES
Lifestyle diseases (also sometimes called diseases of longevity or diseases of civilization interchangeably) are diseases that appear to increase in frequency as countries become more industrialized and people live longer. They can include Alzheimer's disease, atherosclerosis, asthma, cancer, chronic liver disease or cirrhosis, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Type 2 diabetes, heart disease, metabolic syndrome, nephritis or chronic renal failure, osteoporosis, acne, stroke, depression and obesity.
Some commenter’s maintain a distinction between diseases of longevity, and diseases of civilization. Certain diseases, such as diabetes or asthma appear at greater rates in young populations living in the "western" way; their increased incidence is not related to age, so the terms cannot accurately be used interchangeably for all diseases.

CAUSES:
Factors in diet, lifestyle, and the house are thought to influence susceptibility to the diseases listed below. Drug abuse, especially tobacco smoking and alcohol drinking, as well as the lack of exercise may increase the risk of certain diseases in later life.

LIFESTYLE DRUGS:
Lifestyle drug (also lifestyle medicine) is an imprecise term commonly applied to medications which treat non-life threatening and non-painful conditions such as baldness, impotence, wrinkles, or acne, which the speaker perceives as either not medical problems at all or as minor medical conditions relative to others.
It is sometimes intended as a pejorative, bearing the implication that the scarce medical research resources allocated to develop such drugs were spent frivolously when they could have been better spent researching cures for more serious medical conditions. Proponents, however, point out that improving the patient's subjective quality of life has always been a primary concern of medicine, and argue that these drugs are doing just that.

TOP 10 LIFESTYLE DISEASES:

Alzheimer's Disease:a form of brain disease. No one knows the exact cause, but a real breakdown of the cells of the brain does occur. There is no treatment, but good nutrition may slow the progress of this lifestyle disease, which lasts about seven years in most people who have it.

Arteriosclerosis: A generic term for several diseases in which the arterial wall becomes thicken and loses elasticity. Atherosclerosis is the most common and serious vascular disease. Plaques (atheromas) deposited in the walls of arteries are major causes of heart disease, chest pain (angina pectoris), heart attacks, and other disorders of the circulation. In atherosclerosis yellowish plaques of cholesterol, fats, and other remains are deposited in the walls of large and medium-sized arteries. Atherosclerosis usually occurs with aging. It is linked to overweight, high blood pressure, and diabetes.

Cancer: diseases characterized by uncontrolled, abnormal growth of cells. Cancer has been the number two cause of death since 1938, But, at the turn of the 20th century, it was only #8. Cancer is definitely considered the number one Disease of Civilization.
There are more than 150 different kinds of cancer and many different causes.
Top 5 Cancers in USA
MEN
1. Prostate (28%)
2. Lung (17%)
3. Colorectal (12%)
4. Bladder (07%)
5. Non-Hodgkins Lymphoma (04%)
WOMEN
1. Breast (30%)
2. Lung (13%)
3. Colorectal (12%)
4. Uterus (06%)
5. Ovary (04%)

Chronic Liver Disease/Cirrhosis: any of a group of liver disorders. Characteristics of liver disease are jaundice, loss of appetite, liver enlargement, fluid accumulation, and impaired consciousness.

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD): a disease characterized by slowly progressing, irreversible airway obstruction. The symptoms are problems in breathing while exercising, difficulty in breathing in or out deeply, and sometimes a long-term cough. The condition may result from chronic bronchitis, emphysema, asthma, or chronic bronchiolitis. Cigarette smoking and air pollution make it worse.

Diabetes: a disease affecting sugars used by the body. There are four main types of diabetes mellitus. Type I diabetes is also called insulin-dependent diabetes, juvenile-onset diabetes, brittle diabetes, or ketosis-prone diabetes. Type II diabetes is also called non-insulin-dependent diabetes, adult-onset diabetes, ketosis-resistant diabetes, or stable diabetes. Type II often develops in over weight adults. Type III, or gestational diabetes, occurs in some women during pregnancy. Type IV includes other types of diabetes are linked to disease of the pancreas, hormonal changes, side effects of drugs, or genetic defects.

Heart Disease: any of several abnormalities that affect the heart muscle or the blood vessels of the heart. Heart disease has been the number one cause of mortality and morbidity in most of the USA since 1910. But, at the turn of the 20th century, it was only #4.

There are a couple dozen forms of this lifestyle disease. Heart disease and other forms of cardiovascular disease can lead to congestive heart failure, a condition in which the heart cannot pump sufficient blood to meet the demands of the body. The various forms of heart disease may also cause disturbances in normal heartbeat, called arrhythmia.

Nephritis/CRF: any disease of the kidney marked by swelling and abnormal function. Characteristics of kidney disease are bloody urine, persistent protein in urine, pus in urine, edema, difficult urination, and pain in the back.

Stroke: a condition due to the lack of oxygen to the brain that may lead to reversible or irreversible paralysis. Stroke is linked to advanced age, high blood pressure, previous attacks of poor circulation, cigarette smoking, heart disorders, embolism, family history of strokes, use of birth-control pills, diabetes mellitus, lack of exercise, over weight, high cholesterol, and hyperlipidemia.

REFERENCES:
WWW.LIFESTYLEDISEASES.COM
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lifestyle_diseases

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19 Comments

vbsishwarya's picture
vbsishwarya says:

Dear supriya,
Great information and your blog is worth reading.You have covered everything at one place
Pls i have a doubt as type 2 diabetes ppl are very likely to have vit D deficiency why?
Wat does ketosis diabetes mean?
Regards,
Aishwarya

Submitted by vbsishwarya on Fri, 09/04/2009 - 08:32
SUPRIYA VAVILAPALLI's picture

VIT D deficiency mostly occurs in patients with type 2 diabetics than type 1 bcz it is found that there is a dec in the levels of serum 25-OH-D in type 2 diabetic persons .but the exact relationship is still unknown.

DIABETIC KETOACIDOSIS (DKA) is a potentially life-threatening complication in patients with diabetes mellitus. It happens predominantly in those with type 1 diabetes, but it can occur in those with type 2 diabetes under certain circumstances. DKA results from an absolute shortage of insulin; in response the body switches to burning fatty acids and producing acidic ketone bodies that cause most of the symptoms and complications.
DKA may be the first symptom of previously undiagnosed diabetes, but it may also occur in known diabetics due to a variety of causes, such as intercurrent illness or poor compliance with insulin therapy. Vomiting, dehydration, deep gasping breathing, confusion and occasionally coma are typical symptoms. DKA is diagnosed with blood and urine tests; it is distinguished from other, rarer forms of ketoacidosis by the presence of high blood sugar levels. Treatment involves intravenous fluids to correct dehydration, insulin to suppress the production of ketone bodies, treatment for any underlying causes such as infections, and close observation to prevent and identify complications.
DKA was first described in 1886; until the introduction of insulin therapy in the 1920s it was almost universally fatal. It still carries a significant mortality of up to 5%.

Submitted by SUPRIYA VAVILAPALLI on Fri, 09/04/2009 - 09:50
vbsishwarya's picture
vbsishwarya says:

Dear Supriya,

Thank you for your immediate responce.
Once again thank ful to you .
Best Wishes.
Regards,
Aishwarya

Submitted by vbsishwarya on Sat, 09/05/2009 - 03:07
SUPRIYA VAVILAPALLI's picture
Submitted by SUPRIYA VAVILAPALLI on Thu, 09/10/2009 - 13:42
sumeee's picture
sumeee says:

Dear Supriya,

Nice information....

Good keep it up..........

Frm
Sumeet Dwivedi

sumeetdwivedi
Submitted by sumeee on Fri, 09/04/2009 - 08:40
SUPRIYA VAVILAPALLI's picture

Thank u sumeet lifestyle diseases r very common nowadays..........

Submitted by SUPRIYA VAVILAPALLI on Fri, 09/04/2009 - 09:09
majumdarshiv's picture
majumdarshiv says:

Dear Supriya,

Good information.

Then as you mentioned life style diseases, life style medicine there must be some list out of life style food in terms of its nutrient content?

Keep it up.

Reagrds
shiv
Team 'INFIITY'

Submitted by majumdarshiv on Fri, 09/04/2009 - 11:37
Sirisha Pingali's picture

dear sir..
Infact a good question..I heard Junk Foods normally available may be one of the reasons..Is this true??

Sirisha Pingali

http://www.pharmainfo.net/sirisha

Viswanadha Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences.

www.vnips.edu.in

Submitted by Sirisha Pingali on Sat, 09/05/2009 - 15:20
SUPRIYA VAVILAPALLI's picture

yes ,junk foods are major cause for these bcz they contain high fats,cholestrol and less fibre

Submitted by SUPRIYA VAVILAPALLI on Thu, 09/17/2009 - 14:19
SUPRIYA VAVILAPALLI's picture

loe fibre diet with high glycemic index and intake of foods containing dietary fatty acids like burgers,excess eating of chiucken,pork,beef esp in western countries as the animals over there contain much more amounts of these.

Submitted by SUPRIYA VAVILAPALLI on Sun, 09/13/2009 - 14:46
sirishaduvvuri's picture

great information supriya ....... even about type 2 diabetes. keep it up. hope u wil agin wid stil more informativ blogs . al d best.

Regards D.Sirisha
Submitted by sirishaduvvuri on Fri, 09/04/2009 - 16:46
SUPRIYA VAVILAPALLI's picture

i will definitely do so...........

Submitted by SUPRIYA VAVILAPALLI on Mon, 09/07/2009 - 06:33
Amol Malpani's picture
Amol Malpani says:

Dear Supriya,
Nice collection of data with worthwhile information. These diseases increases due to Hi-tech life style where lot of money but no time to take care of body.
Regards,
Amol

Amol S Malpani

Second prize Winnersof Skills Test 2010

Submitted by Amol Malpani on Fri, 09/04/2009 - 18:31
SUPRIYA VAVILAPALLI's picture

This is mainly due to their life-style

Submitted by SUPRIYA VAVILAPALLI on Mon, 09/07/2009 - 06:32
vedikag's picture
vedikag says:

nice blog,
it shows ur effort & hard work to collect the data...
does workplace & stess also play a role in life-style diseases?
keep sending

Vedika Gulati Team Infinity "∞" http://www.pharmainfo.net/blog/team-infinity

Submitted by vedikag on Mon, 09/07/2009 - 10:13
SUPRIYA VAVILAPALLI's picture

yes they do so .for eg:now people work in mncs for hours together working on their systems .this leads to accumulation of fat, fatigue and finally the person looses their interest towards other activities.this leads to psychological stress and strain which may lead to severe conditions.

Submitted by SUPRIYA VAVILAPALLI on Thu, 09/10/2009 - 13:45
juhis's picture
juhis says:

is there anylink between the OTC and lifestyle drugs?

Submitted by juhis on Tue, 09/08/2009 - 08:16
SUPRIYA VAVILAPALLI's picture

do u mean to say otc-over the counter products?

Submitted by SUPRIYA VAVILAPALLI on Thu, 09/10/2009 - 13:48
SUPRIYA VAVILAPALLI's picture

otc-means over the counter drugs.that is those drugs which can be taken without a prescription ,and as these include only few products like some anti-fungals,virals etc these can't be considered as such.

Submitted by SUPRIYA VAVILAPALLI on Thu, 09/17/2009 - 14:21