Plagiarism Revealed: A Case Study

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Introduction: A doctoral student Hema Rangaswami and her adviser, Gopal C. Kundu from the National Center for Cell Science (NCCS), Pune, published their two papers in the reputed Journal of Biological Chemistry, the first in 2004 and the second in 2005. A former student of Kundu, sent an email to the Journal stating that the figures in the second paper were not from new experiments but actually plagiarized from their own previous publication. (1) JBS Investigation: On receipt of the alleged email, the Journal of Biological Chemistry (JBS) investigated the complete issue and withdrew the second paper, informing the authors that the data that was replicated without citation and with different labeling which is an ethical violation that constituted 'deliberate misrepresentation. (2, 3) Padmanbhan Committee Report: Firstly, the internal committee of the Institution found the authors guilty and ordered them for withdrawal of the papers. Moreover, Kundu, himself communicated to the journal primarily suggesting withdrawal but later sent a another correspondence letter contending that his previous communication was done under compulsion and requested not to withdrw the papers. This functioning of Kundu led to formation of an an external committee comprised of seven members of the Dept. of Biotechnology (DBT) headed G. Padmanabhan, the former Director of the Indian Institute of Science. (4) Hazy Conclusion: The committee came up to conclusion that the accusations had no foundations and that the e-mails had been sent with the malicious intent to spoil the name of NCCS. This decision was against the JBS investigation, which further led to more controversy. The complete facet is unavailable because neither the report of the Journal of Biological Chemistry (JBS) internal study nor the detailed investigation of the Padmanabhan committee emerge to have been made public. Contradictory results coupled with this lack of transparency appear to have fueled this controversy. (5) Questions: 1. How can one come to the final conclusion of this issue? 2. What is the standard of evidence that must be demanded in deciding the issue? 3. Should institutional committees set their own standard or simply take the cue from journal editorial boards? 4. What are your suggestions regarding this matter References: 1) Divya Gandhi's opinion "Coping with misconduct in Indian science", published in The Hindu, Tuesday, Sep 04, 2007, available online http://www.hindu.com/2007/09/04/stories/2007090455330900.htm 2) http://www.ias.ac.in/currsci/jun102007/1469.pdf 3) http://www.scientificvalues.org/ModakComments%20on%20Kundu%20reply.pdf 4) http://www.imsc.res.in/~rsidd/kundu/ 5) http://74.125.153.132/search?q=cache:ljJjQ7J_XNkJ:www.scientificvalues.o... Regards, Team Infinity
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VEDIKA GULATI's picture
Author: VEDIKA GULATI

There are 47 Comments

Namanm's picture

Madam, Nice suggestion! We'll try to implement this into our future blogs. Its so nice to find you in contest. But, madam as blogging is all out presenting your views in self desired manner with a mere tinge of creativity and skills, I dont think so that we require same functioning as research articles and publications! Lets make this place more colourful with our own creativity! All the best for future!

Naman Team Infinity

 "∞"

http://www.pharmainfo.net/blog/team-infinity

criticone's picture

Naman Sir, What is Ms.Payal is trying to teach you is arranging the house with beaytiful paintins (make sure painter signature visible since she is proud of the painting&painter)... Well you are trying to spill the color and enjoy.... Remember its easy to do it but very hard to clean ..sometime those "bad marks" stay there for life .. Rules are same if scientic or not scientific..check here http://www.nytimes.com/2010/02/17/business/media/17times.html http://www.kansas.com/2010/02/19/1188645/rowling-accused-of-plagiarism.html See blooging in official sites by good authors like here http://www.webpronews.com/topnews/2010/02/19/google-attacks-traced-to-ch... Why do you think he followed all the rules we are discussing for the last week ....Think Sir.....Think..... We should not use our creativity in "wrong way".. The greatest robbiries happend in this world by very "creative" theifs ...We need to be aware of our limitations ... No offerense . My goal here is to help you to understand the "expectations" .. Every one has energy .....some one uses it on positive side(heros), some on negative side (theifs), and some don't use at all (Zeo's or Lazy ones) Critique 1
Namanm's picture

Vedika, amazing case study! Its really great to know you showing your cent percent dedication! Plus, answering to your question! Let me suggest you something, We can form a regulatory body that can control such Plagiarism scientific articles before getting published. Keep yourself updating! All the best!

Naman Team Infinity

 "∞"

http://www.pharmainfo.net/blog/team-infinity

Kritika Aneja's picture

Hi Vedika, you have done a gud job.keep it up. Regards Kritika Aneja Team:"INVINCIBLE"
Prof. J. Vijaya Ratna's picture

Vedika Its a good job. And you brought the issue right up to our doorstep. Yes, many bad things are going on in the search for research publications. Q.1. Such things rarely come to any conclusion. The controversies drag on. More often it is the bad name the persons involved get among their peers that is important and that is the big deterrant to future offenders; rather than any official punishment. Q.2. Very difficult to prove these things. They are not scientific experiments. You are free to form your opinion; but the offenders may argue that they got exactly the same results once again. Q.3 Every institution must have its own internal standards and systems. Q.4. Public focus on plagiarism in scientific works may help. Well done, Vedika, all the best.
VEDIKA GULATI's picture

thank you ma'am for such a support. u r a big source of my inspiration and encouragement... its nice to meet ppl like u on such a platform to improve n move ahead with a better perspective.. ill always imply ur suggestions and teachings in future.. thanks a lot for ur enlightenment... keep sending..

Vedika Gulati Team Infinity "∞" http://www.pharmainfo.net/blog/team-infinity

Meghna Datta's picture

A very nice blog Vedika.But I do agree with what payal mam is truing to teach you. This will judt help you enhance the quality of your blogs. Anyways, good job done. Meghna Team wisdom
Dipen N. Vadalia's picture

hi Vedika very nice case study it explain us how to right blog without infringement but one confusion in my mind is that if rejection due to plagiarism occurs how to avoid this to prevent rejection?
Reviewerone's picture

Just practice on writing in your words and check with free plagiarism softawres before you post your blog
Tushar's picture

Dear Sir, Rightly pointed out, to check with plagiarism software, as most of this software are web crawlers, how we can detect plagiarism if the person has copied exactly from text book which is not available online rather that from internet, in this there is strong possibility, he/she may skip up
VEDIKA GULATI's picture

Dear Sir, Really everyone is bothering about plagiarism checking by means of softwares, we are forgetting that primary references are considered from books, so how things can be checked in this. Really good thing, I hope reviewer will answer that properly. As per my knowledge standard books are generally available online also (paid library) so cross checking can be done by softwares in this case but manual checking might be an alternative to this. Regards Vedika

Vedika Gulati Team Infinity "∞" http://www.pharmainfo.net/blog/team-infinity

criticone's picture

Sir, There are in training period ...please try to be a "critic" and teach them.... If you do "just" appreciation (not pointing the the mistakes.. so that they improve)...you are actually spoiling them ...See below Ms.Payal comment as an example..http://www.pharmainfo.net/vedikag/plagiarism-revealed-case-study#comment... Again no offense sir. I am just here to help you understand the "expectations" mostly by critisizing (for your own good) Critique 1
criticone's picture

Thank you ! But NOT in future . Just EDIT this blog and adjust according to Mrs Payal suggested. We would like to know "your understanding" in THIS BLOG only.
VEDIKA GULATI's picture

Dear Amol Sir, Thanks for the suggestion. We definitely took this suggestion from last skills test only, we always welcomed suggestion, criticism, appreciation in terms of comments from our readers, & we took special attention that the suggestion came should be implemented in next blog. So sir if you have any suggestion , please do convey us, we'll be happy to implement that. Keep sending your valuable comments. Regards Vedika

Vedika Gulati Team Infinity "∞" http://www.pharmainfo.net/blog/team-infinity

jigardpatel's picture

Dear vedika, Nice blog. Keep it up. Almost every person are use the option " Save As " in browser to save the webpage. Doesn't it called as infringment ?? Regards Jigar Patel Team : " INVINCIBLE "
VEDIKA GULATI's picture

Dear Jigar, Thanks for the appreciation. About your query: "Almost every person are use the option " Save As " in browser to save the webpage. Doesn't it called as infringement ??" Actually it is not called as plagiarism or infringement until you misuse that in terms of publishing that in your name, or displaying it. Save it means it has been saved for reference with its originality, so no infringement in this case. Hope your query is solved. Keep sending your views. Regards Vedika

Vedika Gulati Team Infinity "∞" http://www.pharmainfo.net/blog/team-infinity

criticone's picture

You need to backup your views with reference back ...That gives you protection from statements like this Save it means it has been saved for reference with its originality, so no infringement in this case Please provide references for understanding of this concept
VEDIKA GULATI's picture

Dear Sir, The details of my statement "Save it means it has been saved for reference with its originality, so no infringement in this case" is whenever any page is displayed in internet either HTML, Pdf or other format that format should not change. This was an generalised comment, do I need to still add reference for this? or this description is sufficient? Regards Vedika

Vedika Gulati Team Infinity "∞" http://www.pharmainfo.net/blog/team-infinity

Tushar's picture

You want to say like this if a person has stored songs in his Hard disc, which is copied from the internet or any external source and copyright violation will be done whenever he listens to them, that means storing songs is allowed and not listening.
VEDIKA GULATI's picture

Dear Sir, As you mentioned the example of storing & listening the song... The answer was in the blog content only, it says it will not be termed as plagiarism until originality have been changed. If you are storing & listening that means you are using that for personal purpose & you are not circulating that under your name or affecting its originality. I hope your query was resolved. Keep sending your valuable comments. Regards Vedika

Vedika Gulati Team Infinity "∞" http://www.pharmainfo.net/blog/team-infinity

Shashikant's picture

Nice compilation of blog Please make necessary check through plagiarism checker and confirm that you have cited all the references. All the best Regards Shashi bagade

Mr. Shashikant B. Bagade Assistant Professor SVKM's School of Pharmacy and Technology Management Shirpur Campus

P.V.ABHIGNA's picture

nice blog vedika, was really informative, keep up the good work all the best for your future blogs regards team sentinel

ABHIGNA.P.V.